STUDY IN USA
- World’s #1 destination for international students
- Third-largest country in world in terms of size and population
- Largest economy in world according to nominal GDP, and one of the most technologically advanced
- Some of the highest-quality educational institutions in the world, many with cutting-edge technological resources
- Huge range of educational options: some are broadly focused, some are employment-focused, some are niche (e.g., arts, social sciences, technical)
LOCATION AND GEOGRAPHY
The United States of America (also referred to as the United States, the U.S., the USA, or America) borders Canada to the north, Mexico to the south, the North Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the North Pacific Ocean to the west.
The U.S. consists of 50 states (48 continental plus Alaska and Hawaii), a federal district, Washington D.C., and small territories in the Pacific and Caribbean. The capital city is Washington, D.C.
With its large size and geographic variety, the U.S. includes most climate types from the tropical atmosphere of Hawaii and Florida to the semi-arid Great Plains; from the arid Mojave Desert to the snow-capped Rocky Mountains, not to mention the cold Arctic climate of Alaska. Because of the climate, the ecology in the U.S. is extremely diverse, with abundant flora and fauna and amazing natural habitats for nature-inspired visitors to explore.
HISTORY AND POPULATION
The United States’ earliest settlers were aboriginal natives (now referred to as Native Americans). The British then began settling on the east coast, and eventually established 13 colonies. These colonies declared their independence in 1776 from Britain as a result of the American Revolution. The Treaty of Paris in 1783 officially recognised the United States of America as a sovereign nation, and the U.S. constitution was signed in 1787. The U.S. went on to become a superpower in the 20th century, and it is one of the world’s most influential nations.
Today, the population of the U.S. is just over 326,000 million. It is ethnically and culturally diverse, thanks to a long history of immigration, with Caucasians comprising 70% of the population, Hispanic or Latino 17%, Black or African American 13%, Asian 4%, and indigenous native Americans 1%. English is the main language, with Spanish the second-most common language.
SOCIETY AND CULTURE
The United States is a secular country, with a core principle being the separation of church and state and freedom for individuals to worship as they choose. Another distinctive factor is freedom of expression ensuring individuals the right to express themselves without fear of government reprisals. These individual freedoms help to shape a culture where an individual’s interest and skills can be more important than family or connections in the marketplace – at least relative to other countries.
Sports are quite popular in the United States. American football, baseball, and basketball represent the most successful professional franchises, while soccer is popular as a youth team sport.
The U.S. is the largest economy in the world, and one of the most technologically advanced. The gross domestic product (GDP) in 2018 was roughly $20.1 trillion USD , with per capita GDP at roughly $62,794.59 USD. American firms are at or near the forefront of technological advances, especially with regard to computers and in medical, aerospace, and military equipment. The currency is the U.S. Dollar.
LIVING CONDITIONS AND COST OF LIVING
Living conditions and cost of living in the U.S. vary greatly depending on location and lifestyle, but in an overall sense, they are similar to what they are in other affluent nations. Consumer goods are certainly easy to find, and basic needs such as food and household items are affordable to almost all people who live in the U.S. The average monthly cost of living for an adult living in the US is $700-$1000 (not including tuition fees). As in most nations, the cost of living is higher in big cities than in smaller towns; accommodation can be expensive in the cities.
The American higher education system is administratively managed at three levels: primary (generally ages 5–11 or 5–12), secondary (generally ages 12–18), and post-secondary or tertiary (generally ages 18 and up). Students are required to remain in school until the age of 16. Close to 9 in 10 Americans receive a secondary school leaving certificate and nearly 1 in 3 achieve a bachelor’s degree or higher.
In the United States, post-secondary educational institutions Education providers in USA are divided into Public Universities, Private Universities, Ivy League (primarily private universities that are oldest and most reputed) and community colleges (generally publically funded). Their fee Structure is as below:
Average Tuition Fees (annual in U.S. Dollars)
Private Institutions (High Cost)
Private Institutions (Low Cost)
State Institutions (High Cost)
State Institutions (Low Cost)
INFORMATION SPECIFIC TO INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS
Most international students who wish to study in the United States will seek an F-1 (non-immigrant) student visa, but there are other visa types that are sometimes authorized for those who study in the U.S.
F-1 or Student Visa.
This visa is the most common for those who wish to engage in academic studies in the United States.
M-1 or Student Visa.
This visa is for those who will be engaged in non-academic or vocational study or training, such as associate or diploma courses, at any institution in the U.S.
J-1 or Exchange Visitor.
This visa is for people who will be participating in an exchange visitor program in the U.S. The “J” visa is for educational and cultural exchange programs.
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR APPLYING VISA
1. 10th, 12th, Diploma, Bachelors, Masters & other academic Mark sheets
2. TOEFL and SAT/GRE/GMAT score sheets: You need to submit the entrance scores for the purpose of visa
3. Statement of Purpose (SOP).
4. I – 20[acceptance letter from the university]
5. Letters of other offers & rejections
6. Financial affidavit
8. Financial documents
9. Statement of Assets
10. SEVIS receipt. (SEVIS is the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System. It is the system used by the US government to track all F and J visa holders.)
An International student going to USA can work 20hrs a week on-campus during semester and full-time during holidays. Part time jobs on campus are easy to get with prior planning and you can earn around $750-$1500 a month. If you work full time during your holidays you can earn around $2500- $3500 a month.