STUDY IN GERMANY
GERMANY (BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND – FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY)
- Germany has the 6th largest market share of international students in the world
- Degrees are internationally compatible and highly respected
- Emphasis on interdisciplinary studies, international outlook, and theory balanced with practical applications
- Very green, environmentally aware society
- Blend of modern and traditional cultures
LOCATION AND GEOGRAPHY
Germany (Deutschland), the sixth largest country in Europe by land area (349,520 square kilometres), is situated in central Europe, with coastal access to the North and Baltic Seas. It is bordered by nine other European countries to the north, east, south, and west. It comprises lowlands (north), uplands (centre), and the Bavarian Alps to the south. Berlin (in the northeast) is the capital.
The climate of Germany is temperate (and marine in the north), with cool, cloudy, wet winters and warm summers, occasionally tempered by the Föhn, a warm mountain wind. There can be marked variations in climate from region to region.
HSTORY AND POPULATION
The German nationals of today have evolved from several different tribal groups: Celts, Germans, Franks, Slavs, and Romans. Germany has had a long and chequered history with periods of dominance, repression, and division. After the Napoleonic Wars of the 19th century, Germany reorganised and a German Empire was established. In the 1960s and 70s, a large immigration wave began in Germany, which has permanently altered the composition of the German population, which is now very multi-ethnic.
Germany became a united and sovereign state for the first time since 1945. It has a population of over 80 million and is the second-most populated country in Europe. Population density varies markedly from urban (very dense) to rural (less dense) areas. Over 95% of the population speaks German as their mother tongue; other languages include Serbian, North Frisian, Danish, Romani, Kurdish and Turkish.
Germany is a member of the European Union (EU). Its economy is the largest in Europe and the fourth-largest in the world after the U.S., Japan, and China, and it is very export-oriented (second-largest exporter in the world). It is among the largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages, shipbuilding, and textiles. It is the leading producer of wind turbines and solar power technology in the world. The currency is the Euro.
LIVING CONDITIONS AND COST OF LIVING
International students living in Germany can generally live on €750–€950 a month. Most public universities do not charge tuition for international students, though certain states are considering new policies that will require non-EU students to pay tuition. One must check with the individual institution to make sure about its tuition policies. If they attend a private university, students can expect to spend €20,000 a year in tuition. Health insurance is usually around €50–€60 a month.
The fundamental structure of the German education system is similar to that of many Western countries. It consists of elementary (primary), secondary (lower and upper) and tertiary/higher education.
Most of the education institutions are government owned. There are some privately run institutions; however, public education is the first choice for most (more than 90%). There is a German language proficiency requirement for entry to higher education institutions, the DSH (DSH-Prüfung). In some situations, basic language may be accepted dependent upon the course, the level of study, and the language of instruction. German-language courses are available at most institutions.
WHY STUDY IN GERMANY
There are 429 public higher education institutions functioning in Germany among which 106 are universities. German universities are above global higher education standards. Some of them have been consistently ranked among the world’s best universities. Students value these universities for the quality of education, and hands-on experiences during their studies.
Close to 340,000 international students are enrolled at German institutes of higher education. This makes Germany among the most sought-after destination countries in the world.
Your degree issued from a German university is a highly respected and valued qualification all over the world. As an indication of this, German graduates enjoy a high employability in the global job market.
International students can work while they study in Germany; they can do part-time work for up to 20 hours a week or 120 full days of a year. It is estimated that more than 60% of current international students work part-time while studying in Germany.
Non-EU students may need to obtain a student visa prior to entering Germany. Visa application processing for long-stay visas can take several months, so students must allow sufficient processing time prior to their intended date of entry.